BIM will benefit Keep, and is rapidly evolving from 3D to 4D to virtual prototyping and reality.  Disadvantages include initial short term costs.


Design advantages include real time collaboration among professionals, contractors and inspectors.  What if scenarios can be tested.  Clashes can be predicted in geometry, reachability, fire,  earthquake, etc., response.


During construction change orders are minimized.  Tenders are more accurate and there is less waste.  Scheduling, inventory and transportation is improved.


In the operational phase the “computerized maintenance management system”  is supported.  Also life cycle performance modelling, financial planning and depreciation allowance.


Sensors to detect forest fire smoke, seismic shocks, water restrictions, tunneling, etc., are doubly important to Keep.  We can’t be vulnerable to the same natural disasters that the children are escaping.

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